Things to Consider When Buying a Dental Practice

Entering the dental industry by purchasing an existing dental practice can be a lucrative and rewarding venture. With an established patient base, experienced staff, and functional operatories, buyers can quickly dive into the business and focus on providing top-quality oral health services.

However, acquiring a dental practice requires thorough research, proper planning, and careful decision-making. Prospective buyers must analyze the practice’s financials, reputation, and growth potential to ensure a successful and smooth transition. It’s essential to enlist the help of experts, such as dental accountants, attorneys, lenders, and practice brokers, to guide them through the complex process.

By understanding the necessary steps and factors to consider, individuals can effectively navigate the world of dental practice acquisitions and make informed decisions that fit their personal and professional goals. This article will discuss the key aspects potential buyers need to evaluate and prepare for when entering the dental practice market.

Assessing Your Needs

Before purchasing a dental practice, the buyer needs to assess their needs, ensuring that the practice aligns with their professional goals and personal preferences. Some of the most critical aspects to consider include the location and size of the practice.


The location of a dental practice is an important factor to consider during the acquisition process. Different geographical areas can bring different demographics, income levels, and competition. Some aspects to contemplate when evaluating the location might include:

  • Proximity to densely populated residential areas
  • Accessibility by public transit or major highways
  • Competing dental practices in the vicinity
  • Local community amenities and attractions

Investigating these factors can provide valuable information about the potential success of a dental practice in a given area.

Size of Practice

A dental practice’s size can greatly impact the buyer’s day-to-day experiences and overall success. Considerations should include the number of patients, active records, dental operatories, and facility square footage. Some factors to examine may include:

Number of PatientsDetermine the number of treatment rooms and ensure adequate capacity for the desired workload.
Active RecordsEvaluate the amount and regularity of patient visits, including new patient acquisition and retention rates.
Dental OperatoriesDetermine the number of treatment rooms and ensure there is adequate capacity for the desired workload.
Square FootageEnsure the office space is sufficient for current needs and can accommodate future expansions if desired.

Taking the time to assess a dental practice’s location and size carefully will help determine if it is the right fit for the buyer and result in a better-informed decision-making process.

Financial Considerations

When buying a dental practice, it is essential to consider the financial aspects involved carefully. This section will discuss two critical aspects: practice valuation and financing options.

Practice Valuation

When purchasing a dental practice, the first step is determining the practice’s value. An accurate valuation is crucial to ensure a fair price and a successful transaction. Several factors are considered when calculating the value of a dental practice:

  • Historical income and cash flow
  • Practice location and demographics
  • Number of active patients
  • Condition and age of equipment and facilities
  • Reputation and goodwill of the practice

While considering these factors, it is best to consult with experts, such as dental practice brokers and accountants, who can help determine an accurate valuation.

Financing Options

Once the dental practice’s value has been determined, the next step is to explore financing options. There are several ways for a prospective buyer to finance the purchase of a dental practice:

  1. Conventional Bank Loans: Conventional bank loans are the most common form of financing for dental practice purchases. They typically offer competitive interest rates and flexible repayment terms, and can be secured based on the buyer’s credit history and the practice’s financial standing.
  2. SBA Loans: Small Business Administration (SBA) loans are government-backed loans that can be used to finance the purchase of a dental practice. SBA loans have low down payment requirements and favorable interest rates but can have a longer approval process and more stringent eligibility criteria.
  3. Seller Financing: In some cases, the seller of the dental practice may be willing to provide financing to the buyer. This can be an advantageous option, as the seller may offer favorable terms, and it can help reduce the amount of external debt needed to finance the purchase.

Comparing financing options and carefully evaluating the terms and conditions of each option will help ensure that the buyer selects the optimal financing solution for their specific situation.

Due Diligence

Patient Records

When purchasing a dental practice, it is crucial to review patient records carefully. This will help the buyer to:

  • Understand the patient demographics
  • Assess treatment history and recurring cases
  • Establish cash flow and revenue streams from provided dental services

It is also vital to check for any outstanding insurance claims and verify the accuracy of submitted billings.


Performing an inventory assessment is an essential part of due diligence. The buyer should evaluate the condition, value, and lifespan of existing equipment.

Consider any necessary equipment upgrades or replacements, and include these costs in the budget for purchasing the practice.


Employees play a crucial role in the success of a dental practice. The buyer must evaluate:

  • Competence and qualifications of the staff
  • Retention and turnover rates
  • Satisfaction and morale of employees

Additionally, understanding the existing contracts, salaries, and benefits will help ensure a smooth transition during the practice acquisition.

Legal Aspects

When buying a dental practice, there are several legal aspects to consider. Ensuring that these aspects are carefully addressed can help prevent issues and misunderstandings that might arise later in the process.

Practice Acquisition Agreement

The Practice Acquisition Agreement is the primary legal document detailing the terms and conditions of the purchase. It should include, among other things:

  • Price and payment terms
  • Assets and liabilities included in the sale
  • Non-compete clauses
  • Representations and warranties of both parties
  • Conditions of closing the sale
  • Indemnifications

It is essential for both the buyer and the seller to have legal representation during negotiations to ensure that the agreement is fair, accurate, and reflects their understanding of the transaction.

Lease Negotiations

If the dental practice is not located in a building owned by the seller, lease negotiations play a pivotal role in the acquisition process. A thorough lease review should assess the following aspects:

  1. Remaining term of the lease and renewal options
  2. Base rent and additional rent obligations
  3. Responsibilities for property maintenance and repairs
  4. Assignment and subletting rights
  5. Restrictions or limitations on the practice’s operations

A detailed analysis of the lease will help prevent surprises and conflicts with landlords. In some cases, renegotiating certain lease terms can benefit the buyer and create a more secure long-term foundation for the practice.

Transition and Integration

Successfully transitioning and integrating into the purchased dental practice is crucial for the new owner to maintain and improve the performance of the business.

Post-Acquisition Planning

After acquiring the dental practice, the new owner needs to develop a comprehensive post-acquisition plan to guide the process. This plan should include:

  • Developing a clear vision and mission for the practice
  • Identifying and addressing any operational inefficiencies
  • Establishing processes for ongoing communication with staff and patients
  • Reviewing and potentially renegotiating contracts with suppliers and dental labs

Marketing and Branding

One of the key elements of the transition and integration process is refining the dental practice’s marketing and branding efforts. The following factors should be considered:

WebsiteCreating or updating the practice’s website to ensure it is user-friendly and accurately represents the practice’s offerings
Social MediaEstablishing or improving the practice’s presence on relevant social media platforms to engage with current and potential patients
Online ReviewsMonitoring and addressing patient reviews to help build and maintain a positive online reputation
Collateral MaterialUpdating or creating new print materials, such as business cards and brochures, to align with the desired brand image

By focusing on the transition and integration, the new owner can help ensure the success and growth of the acquired dental practice.


In summary, making the decision to buy a dental practice requires thorough research and careful evaluation of various factors. This includes assessing the location, financial performance, patient base, and growth potential. When considering these aspects, it’s essential to accurately understand the market and industry trends to ensure long-term success.

It’s highly advisable to consult with professionals, such as lawyers and accountants specializing in dental practices, to review contracts and financial documents and assist with the negotiation process. Additionally, dentists should consider the following:

  • Conducting a thorough due diligence process
  • Evaluating the practice’s technology and equipment
  • Assessing marketing strategies and potential for growth

Hiring a dental practice broker in Arizona, or any other state, like WOMEL is recommended to increase the chances of a successful acquisition. These professionals will provide valuable insights, guidance, and assistance throughout the entire process, from the initial search to finalizing the purchase.

With knowledge and professional advice, dentists will be equipped to make informed decisions and create a solid foundation for their dental practice. Acquiring a dental practice can be a rewarding and lucrative investment by taking the necessary steps and utilizing the available resources.